Excerpts from the Book: The Memoirs of the Tenth Royal Hussars
Collected and arranged by Colonel R S Liddell – 1891
Almost a month had gone by so its time for another posting. This posting choice was picked purely because of the many colour photographs, always more eye catching than black and white. I’ve selected an excerpt from the Preface and Chapter One of the book to illustrate with words what the 10th Royal Hussars is all about. Enjoy.
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Much of the history of the 10th is bound up with the history of the country. Much of its social life is connected to names well known to the public. Its campaigns, and the changes which have taken place from time to time in its organisation, dress and accoutrements, are identical with those of other regiments. These memoirs contain various episodes and anecdotes illustrative of the daily life of the regiment.
The 10th Regiment of Dragoons, now bearing the distinguished title of “The Prince of Wales’s own Royal Hussars,” is one of the regiments of cavalry which were raised at the close of the first year of the reign of King George I.
Since that period it has seen much and varied service; and although it has inscribed on its insignia only the historical names of “Peninsula,” “Waterloo,” “Sebastopol,” “Ali Musjid,” “Afghanistan 1878-79,” and “Egypt 1884,” other famous victories and military operations in which it took part might justly be added to the list of those the regiment thus officially bears, as will appear in the course of the following memoirs.
At Culloden and Minden, at Warbourg, Campen, Kirch-Denkern, during the retreat on Corunna, at Sahagum, Mayorga, and Benevente, at Morales and Vittoria, in the Pyrenees at Orthez and Toulouse, the Tenth was afforded the opportunity of upholding its reputation, took an active share, and not unfrequently bore a distinguished part in the various operations which rendered these names famous in military history. The causes which led to the first embodiment of the regiment will be best understood by a brief reference to the history of the time.
Though the political aspirations of the Jacobite party in England had received a check in the death of James II. at St. Germain’s in 1701, the hope of eventually restoring the Stuart dynasty to the throne was by no means extinguished. The late King’s son – James Francis Edward – was looked upon by the adherents of the dethroned family as the future monarch, and at his residence at Bar-le-Duc, on the borders of Lorraine, where he held his Court, he received kingly honours, having his royal palace and Guards. In 1716 he married the Princess Maria Clementina Sobieska, granddaughter of the famous John Sobieski, King of Poland, and her dowry, which amounted to over one million sterling, placed him amongst the wealthiest persons of the time in Europe. Ample means were, therefore, not wanting to enable him to prosecute an attempt to recover the English throne, and in England itself the large number of dissatisfied Roman Catholics, who were naturally disposed to the cause of the Stuarts and ready to afford it material aid, gave additional encouragement to his hopes of restoring the dynasty of his family. Many of the reigning families of Europe, moreover, recognised his claim to the throne and warmly espoused his cause.
Louis XIV., who had always maintained close relations with the exiled Stuarts, was prepared to give tangible proofs of his goodwill by sending troops to assist the partisans of the family in their attempt to place the Pretender—as the son of James II. was designated by the Protestants—on the throne, to the exclusion of the House of Hanover.